Kashmir is famous for its natural beauty and has often been referred to as the ' Switzerland of the East'. The heart of the area is the fertile Vale of Kashmir (known as The Valley), which lies between the Himalayas and the Pir Panjal mountain range. Here the climate is mild and the soil well watered.
Kashmir has been the key to the dispute between India and Pakistan since their independence from the British in 1947. Each country claims Kashmir as a part of its territory. As a result of a rebellion in 1947 and the subsequent wars between India and Pakistan over Kashmir , the area is separated by a Line-of-Control (LOC or cease-fire line).
To the east of the LOC lies the vale of Kashmir , Jammu and Ladakh, which are administered by India . To the west lies the area now known as 'Azad [Free] Kashmir ', which its own government with governs strong ties with Pakistan .
Area: 222,237 SqKm (85,800 SqMi)
Capital: Srinagar (Summer), Jammu (Winter).
Population: About 12 million
Best Touring Season
Jammu: October To February
Kashmir: May To October & November To February