| General Information
The land of Buddha and Mahavir Bihar lies along the eastern Gangetic Plains in North India, A land that has been the passing of many dynasties of ancient India, Bihar has also been the birth place of two treat theologies -Buddhism and Jainism. As a place of pilgrimage for centuries, even the name Bihar is desired from 'Vihar' as a Buddhist monasteries, Reflecting its ancient history, Bihar has some of the finest monuments of Hindu and Mughal architecture. And through the state flows the majestic river Ganga a saga of events of centuries old civilization.
The scenery and climate of the State range from the foot hills of Himalayas, over the vast and fertile plains of the Ganga to the hills, forests and wide plateau. The land and people, fairs and festivals, arts and crafts, flora and fauna of Bihar, are all epitomes of diversity, which enchant and thrill tourists.
Buddhism has somehow defined tourism in Bihar (the name Bihar is taken from Vihara - the residential complexes of Buddhist monks). Places like Nalanda, Rajgir, and Lauriya Areraj are closely linked with the times and life of Buddha and his followers. But, Bihar was also a great religious melting pot. The state was a birthplace of Mahavir - 23rd tirthankar of Jainism and the religion started here from Bihar only. Famous Hindu pilgrimage sites like Gaya and Areraj are as much famous as any other Hindu pilgrimage site in India.
Bihar also offers to tourists a variegated wealth of Indian Civilization, history and culture compled with enqeuisite scenic beauties and wild life within its precinet are located, places like Rajgir and Patliputra, ancient capital of mighty magadhan empire, Vaishali-the first republican state the world; Bodhgaya where lord Buddha attained the suprime enlightenment, Nalanda-the great seat of international learning and Patna Saheb-the birth place of Guru Govind Singh, the last Guru of the Sikh. Come and explore Bihar and experience why India is considered as the spiritual guru of the world.
Area: 173,877 sq km
Populations: 82,878,796 (2001 census provisional figures)
Languages: Hindi, Maithili, Bhojpuri
Best touring season
Between October and March