Agra , the capital of the Mughal Empire during the 16th and early 18th centuries. It is two and a half hours far from from New Delhi by express trains.
It covers a huge amount of Tourists from all over the world visit Agra not only to see the ruins of the red sandstone fortress built by the Mughal emperors but to make a pilgrimage to Taj Mahal, India 's most famous architectural wonder. In a land where magnificent temples and edifices abound to remind visitors about the rich civilization of a country that is slowly but surely lifting itself into an industrialized society.
There is no doubted that it is one of the most spectacular buildings of the world. Renowned for its architectural magnificence and aesthetic beauty, it counts among man's proudest creations and is invariably included in the list of the world's foremost wonders. As a tomb, it has no match upon earth, for mortal remains have never been housed in greater grandeur.
Situated on the banks of river Yamuna, northwest of the Taj Mahal, the Emperor Akbar started this majestic fort, and it developed as a stronghold of the Mughal Empire under successive generations. This majestic fortress of red sandstone encompasses, within its 2.5- km-long enclosure walls, the imperial city of the Mughal rulers. It comprises many visionary palaces, such as the Jahangir Palace and the Khas Mahal, built by Shah Jahan; audience halls, such as the Diwan-i-Khas; and two very beautiful mosques.
Amar Singh gate towards the south is the entry point in the fort and the mammoth walls of the fort are 20 feet high. The building and structures inside the fort gives an impression of a city within the city. The marble pearl mosque inside the fort is one of the most stunningly beautiful mosques in India .
Haridwar has been recognized as one of the prominent center of Hindu pilgrimage. Haridwar is the place where the mountainous course of the Ganga , the most holy river of Hindus , ends to enter the plains. There are several temples and shrines here and a dip in the holy Har-ki-Pauri has been described a sure way to salvation.
Pindari Glacier is the beautiful spot at a height of 3943 m in Almora district. During the journey from Almora to Pindari, flowers of varied hues, beautiful forests and snows draw the attention of the tourists. The Pindar River also originates from this glacier.
Fairs and Festivals
Uttar Pradesh is a rich state in fairs and festivals. An amount of 2,230 festivals are held annually. Important festivals of Uttar Pradesh are like Navratri, Kumbha Mela and the Holi.
The name stands for a festival celebrated for nine days dedicated to the Primordial Energy, known as Durga, the consort of Shiva, which begins on the first day of the bright half of the month of Ashvina. Diwali is another prominent festival devoted to Lakshmi, the Goddess of Wealth.
This fair is popular in all over India . It has been celebrated with a great enthusiasm among the folks of Uttar Pradesh and outsider of the state drawing millions of people. It is held every 12 years at Prayag in Allahabad . In between, the Ardh Kumbha Mela is held every six years at Allahabad and Haridwar.
Holi the festival of colors is celebrated among the people of Uttar Pradesh with great joy and cheer. It marks the onset of the gathering of the harvest. The most interesting celebrations are held at Barsana, when the women of the village go out to Nandgaon, the home of Lord Krishna, and challenge the men to throw color on them. This festival is also known as Lathmar Holi.